Army, CIA Agreed on 'Ghost'
The Washington Post
By Josh White
Washington Post Staff Writer
Friday, March 11, 2005; Page A16
Top military intelligence officials at the Abu Ghraib prison
came to an agreement with the CIA to hide certain detainees at
the facility without officially registering them, according to
documents obtained by The Washington Post. Keeping such "ghost"
detainees is a violation of international law.
Army Lt. Col. Steven L. Jordan, who was second in command of
the intelligence gathering effort at Abu Ghraib while the abuse
was occurring, told military investigators that "other government
agencies" and a secretive elite task force "routinely brought in
detainees for a short period of time" and that the detainees were
held without an internment number, and their names were kept off
Guards who worked at the prison have said that ghost detainees
were regularly locked in isolation cells on Tier 1A and that they
were kept from international human rights organizations.
Jordan, in a statement that was included in the abuse
investigation of Maj. Gen. George R. Fay, said that it was
difficult to track ghost detainees and that he and other officers
recommended that a memorandum of understanding be drafted between
his 205th Military Intelligence Brigade, the CIA and the 800th
Military Police Brigade "to establish procedures for a ghost
detainee." An Army major at the prison "suggested an idea of
processing them under an assumed name and fingerprinting them,"
but Col. Thomas M. Pappas, the top military intelligence officer
there, "decided against it."
Instead, Jordan's statement said, Pappas "began a formalized
written MOU [memo of understanding] procedure" in November 2003,
with the CIA and members of Task Force 1-21, "and the memorandum
on procedures for dropping ghost detainees was signed."
In his statement to investigators, also obtained by The Post,
Pappas said that in September 2003, the CIA requested that the
military intelligence officials "continue to make cells available
for their detainees and that they not have to go through the
normal inprocessing procedures." Pappas also said Jordan was the
one who was facilitating the arrangement with the CIA.
Defense Department officials have said that there were as many
as 100 ghost detainees held in prisons in Iraq but that the
detainees slipped through the cracks and were not part of any
official agreement. A Navy report issued yesterday said there was
evidence of about 30 ghost detainees, but Pentagon officials said
they could find no evidence of a signed agreement.
The Army has resolved not to allow ghosting at its detention
facilities. The American Civil Liberties Union yesterday released
edited versions of some of the documents, but the names of the
officers were omitted from them.